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NEWS AND EVENTS
Data on Key Economic and Human Development Indicators
Acts
The 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments Acts
Summary :The 73rd and 74th Amendments of the Indian Constitution, passed in 1993, devolved a significant amount of power over social sector and development planning to local level governments or panchayats.
  
The Indian Forest Act, 1927
Summary :The Indian Forest Act, 1927 consolidates the law relating to forests, the transit of forest-produce and the duty leviable on timber and other forest-produce.
  
Panchayati Raj Institutions, 2009
Summary :The 73rd Constitutional Amendment was made to impart certainty & continuity to strengthen the Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) by giving them constitutional space. It empowers the States to establish Panchayats as the true units of local self-governments. It is, however, often said that the Panchayats exist as over-structured but under empowered organisations, lacking effective devolution of functions, funds and functionaries(3Fs).
  
The provisions of the panchayats (Extension to the scheduled areas) act, 1996
Summary :The Act legally recognizes the capacity of tribal communities to strengthen their own systems of self-governance where the Gram Sabha of the village becomes the focal institution, endowed with significant powers to safeguard and preserve the traditions and customs of the people, their cultural identity, community resources and the customary mode of dispute resolution.
  
Right to Information Act, 2005
Summary :An Act to provide for setting out the practical regime of right to information for citizens to secure access to information under the control of public authorities, in order to promote transparency and accountability in the working of every public authority, the constitution of a Central Information Commission and State Information Commissions and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
  
The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers Act, 2006
Summary :An act to recognize and vest the forest rights and occupation in forest land in forest dwelling ST and other traditional forest dwellers who have been residing in such forests for generations but whose rights could not be recorded; to provide for a framework for recording the forest rights so vested and the nature of evidence required for such recognition and vesting in respect of forest land.